Ascites is the collection of fluid that accumulates in the peritoneal [abdominal] cavity. Fluid is pale yellow in colour and is known as ascetic fluid. The abdominal cavity is located below the chest which is separated by the diaphragm. Ascitic fluid can have many reservoirs like liver disease, cancers, congestive heart failure or kidney failure.
What are the Types of Ascites?
1. Generally, ascites is divided into 2 types on the basis of the amount of protein present in the fluid i.e., transudative and exudative. Another classification has been derived on the basis of amount of albumin in the ascitic fluid compared to albumin measured in the blood [serum albumin]. It’s name is Serum Ascites Albumin Gradient or SAAG.
2.Ascites which is related to portal hypertension (cirrhosis, congestive heart failure, Budd-Chiari) is generally greater than 1.1 while the Ascites caused by other reasons (malignant, pancreatitis) is lower than 1.1.